Portuguese Grapes Varieties

Alvarinho
Alvarinho

ALVARINHO

High quality white grape variety recommended for the sub-region of Monção, as a pure grape variety for the production of wines with the Alvarinho Denomination of Origin. Productive and rustic, it produces wines with a strong grape variety aroma, well balanced and flavourous. As those are the region's wines with the highest alcohol content, they have a specific regulation.

Avesso
Avesso

AVESSO

High quality white grape variety, recommended for the sub-regions of Baião, Cinfães and Resende, where its culture is confined. Productive and rustic, this grape variety produces wines with a strong aroma, well balanced and flavourous

Azal
Azal

AZAL

Medium quality white grape variety, recommended for the sub-regions of Basto, Penafiel and Amarante and for the southern counties (6) of the Vinho Verde Demarcated Region. Very productive and rustic, it produces wines with a delicate and intense aroma, slightly acid and fruity.

Loureiro
Loureiro

LOUREIRO

High quality white grape variety, recommended for almost the entire Vinho Verde Demarcated Region, except for the Basto and Amarante sub-regions and the counties of Baião, Cinfães and Resende . With a culture area in great expansion, originally it came from Ribeira-Lima. Highly productive, this grape variety produces wines with a distinctive aroma, harmonious and flavourous.

Arinto / Pedernã
Arinto / Pedernã

ARINTO/PEDERNÃ

High quality vinho verde white grape variety, recommended for the entire Demarcated Region except for the Monção sub-region. With a culture area in great expansion it came originally from the region's inland areas. Highly productive it produces fragrant, well-balanced and harmonious wines.

Trajadura
Trajadura

TRAJADURA

High quality white grape variety, recommended for almost the entire Vinho Verde Demarcated Region, except for the Basto and Amarante sub-regions and the Baião, Cinfães and Resende areas. With a culture area in great expansion it came originally from the Monção sub-region. Productive, this grape variety produces wines with a delicate, distinctive aroma and flavourous. 

Vinhão
Vinhão

VINHÃO

High quality red grape variety, recommended in the entire Demarcated Region. As the only vinho verde regional teinturier grape variety, it is the most used in this region. Productive, this grape variety produces red-garnet colour, vinous, full-bodied, balanced and flavourous wines.

Fernão Pires
Fernão Pires

FERNÃO PIRES

Reminiscent of Muscat this is an aromatic grape used in the Douro, Setúbal, Alentejo and other regions. Called "Maria Gomes" in Bairrada.

This variety originates wines with good alcohol content and low acidity, rich in intense floral aromas. It is one of the most widely grown varieties in Portugal.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Bairrada, Beiras, Estremadura, Ribatejo, Setúbal Peninsula and Azores

Rabo de Ovelha
Rabo de Ovelha

Rabo de Ovelha

This grape variety provides wines with a high alcohol content, good longevity and high acidity. Its aromas are discrete, with floral, vegetal and even mineral notes.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Bairrada, Beiras, Estremadura, Ribatejo and Alentejo


Malvazia
Malvazia

MALVAZIA

This variety originates moderately acidic wines with delicate and not very complex aromas and flavour.

It is grown throughout Portugal.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Dão, Beiras, Estremadura, Algarve, Madeira and Azores


Roupeiro
Roupeiro

ROUPEIRO

Quality grape, honey flavored grape when grown in the Alentejo.

This grape variety must be planted in cool high lands for it to achieve its full potential. When it is grown thus, wines are delicate, fresh and elegant.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Beiras, Setúbal Peninsula, Alentejo and Algarve

Antão-Vaz
Antão-Vaz

 

 

ANTÃO VAZ

This variety originates very aromatic citrus coloured wines in which notes of tropical fruits are predominant.
Grown in: Alentejo


Moscatel
Moscatel

MOSCATEL

It is believed that this grape variety is originally Oriental and that it has been brought to Portugal by the Romans. The generous wines Moscatel de Setúbal (Moscatel Graúdo) and Moscatel de Favaios (Moscatel Galego Branco) are the most widely known wines made from this variety, which originates very aromatic and complex nectars.
Grown in: Setúbal Peninsula and Douro

Castelão/Periquita
Castelão/Periquita

CASTELÃO/PERIQUITA

This variety thrives in warm climates and dry soils, where it reaches its full potential. It originates concentrated nectars with intense raspberry and redcurrant flavours, which age well.
Grown in: Estremadura, Ribatejo, Setúbal Peninsula and Algarve

Touriga Nac.
Touriga Nac.

 

TOURIGA NACIONAL

This is perhaps the noblest red variety in Portugal and its cultivation is expanding rapidly. It originates full-bodied wines of good alcohol content with intense, highly complex flavours and noble tannins which age very well.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Bairrada, Dão, Beiras, Estremadura, Ribatejo and Alentejo.

Touriga Fr.
Touriga Fr.

TOURIGA FRANCESA

 

One of the main grapes grown in the Douro (over 20% of all plantings), characterized by its powerful bouquet

Trincadeira
Trincadeira

Trincadeira/Tinta Amarela
Wines produced with this variety are rich in colour, have fruity and vegetal aromas, are slightly alcoholic and age well.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Estremadura, Ribatejo, Setúbal Peninsula and Alentejo.

Aragonez/Tinta Roriz
Aragonez/Tinta Roriz

ARAGONEZ/TINTA RORIZ

Tinta Roriz, called Tempranillo in Spain, in Portugal is used widely in Port making and also in the production of still reds in the Alentejo where is called " Aragonês".

One of the most well known and most grown varieties in Portugal, due to its adaptability to different soils and climates.

It originates wines which are high in alcohol content, low in acidity and age well.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Dão, Beiras, Estremadura, Ribatejo and Alentejo

Alicante Bouschet
Alicante Bouschet

 

Alicante Bouschet

Alicante Bouschet is the ideal teinturier variety. It used to be blended with other less-alcoholic, paler colored, but more aromatic grape varieties cultivated on the plains. Alicante Bouschet wines are very deep-colored with a high alcohol content, but they lack acidity and have little bouquet. It is essentially a blending variety.

Verdelho
Verdelho

VERDELHO

The Verdelho variety has been cultivated in Portugal since at least the 1400s. It is one of the grapes long used in the making of Madeira but also in Douro Valley region and Tras-os-Montes region. The grape has been used there to make both dry table wines and sweet, fortified wines.

 

The table wine produced from Verdelho tend to be tart and lemony, crisp and refreshing, with relatively good body.


Syrah
Syrah

Syrah/Shiraz

The vines are of average vigor and susceptible to gray rot and mites. Its grapes and bunches are small. Syrah produces deep-colored, tannic, full-bodied wines with a complex palette of aromas: flowers (violets), barnyard (leather), spices (liquorices), and fruit (raspberry and blackcurrant). This variety is traditionally blended with other local grape varieties, or makes a single varietal.

 

Cab.Sauvignon
Cab.Sauvignon

Cabernet-Sauvignon

 

Cabernet Sauvignon is vigorous grape variety with late bud break and ripening. Its wines generally have a powerful, tannic structure and deep color. They are suitable for aging in oak barrels and in bottle. With age, they develop complex green pepper, red-berry, vanilla, mocha, and toasty aromas. They may, however, be quite astringent for the first few years. In Portugal, Cabernet Sauvignon is very often blended with other grape varieties or for single varietal.

Pinot-Noir
Pinot-Noir

PINOT-NOIR

Red Pinot-Noir grape variety  is outstanding in quality.

Often light in color, and taking on onion-skin tones with age. They have all the qualities of great wines: structure, length, finesse, and complex aromas (red-berry fruit and roasting coffee). They are aged in oak barrels and may be enjoyed young or aged in bottle. In Portugal, Pinot-Noir is very often blended with other grape varieties or for single varietal.