Portuguese Grapes Varieties
High quality white grape variety recommended for the sub-region of Monção, as a pure grape variety for the production of wines with the Alvarinho Denomination of Origin. Productive and rustic, it produces wines with a strong grape variety aroma, well balanced and flavourous. As those are the region's wines with the highest alcohol content, they have a specific regulation.
High quality white grape variety, recommended for the sub-regions of Baião, Cinfães and Resende, where its culture is confined. Productive and rustic, this grape variety produces wines with a strong aroma, well balanced and flavourous
Medium quality white grape variety, recommended for the sub-regions of Basto, Penafiel and Amarante and for the southern counties (6) of the Vinho Verde Demarcated Region. Very productive and rustic, it produces wines with a delicate and intense aroma, slightly acid and fruity.
High quality white grape variety, recommended for almost the entire Vinho Verde Demarcated Region, except for the Basto and Amarante sub-regions and the counties of Baião, Cinfães and Resende . With a culture area in great expansion, originally it came from Ribeira-Lima. Highly productive, this grape variety produces wines with a distinctive aroma, harmonious and flavourous.
High quality vinho verde white grape variety, recommended for the entire Demarcated Region except for the Monção sub-region. With a culture area in great expansion it came originally from the region's inland areas. Highly productive it produces fragrant, well-balanced and harmonious wines.
High quality white grape variety, recommended for almost the entire Vinho Verde Demarcated Region, except for the Basto and Amarante sub-regions and the Baião, Cinfães and Resende areas. With a culture area in great expansion it came originally from the Monção sub-region. Productive, this grape variety produces wines with a delicate, distinctive aroma and flavourous.
High quality red grape variety, recommended in the entire Demarcated Region. As the only vinho verde regional teinturier grape variety, it is the most used in this region. Productive, this grape variety produces red-garnet colour, vinous, full-bodied, balanced and flavourous wines.
Reminiscent of Muscat this is an aromatic grape used in the Douro, Setúbal, Alentejo and other regions. Called "Maria Gomes" in Bairrada.
This variety originates wines with good alcohol content and low acidity, rich in intense floral aromas. It is one of the most widely grown varieties in
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Bairrada, Beiras, Estremadura, Ribatejo, Setúbal Peninsula and Azores
Rabo de Ovelha
This grape variety provides wines with a high alcohol content, good longevity and high acidity. Its aromas are discrete, with floral, vegetal and even mineral
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Bairrada, Beiras, Estremadura, Ribatejo and Alentejo
This variety originates moderately acidic wines with delicate and not very complex aromas and flavour.
It is grown throughout Portugal.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Dão, Beiras, Estremadura, Algarve, Madeira and Azores
Quality grape, honey flavored grape when grown in the Alentejo.
This grape variety must be planted in cool high lands for it to achieve its full potential. When it is grown thus, wines are delicate, fresh and elegant.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Beiras, Setúbal Peninsula, Alentejo and Algarve
This variety originates very aromatic citrus coloured wines in which notes of tropical fruits are predominant.
Grown in: Alentejo
It is believed that this grape variety is originally Oriental and that it has been brought to Portugal by the Romans. The generous wines Moscatel de Setúbal (Moscatel
Graúdo) and Moscatel de Favaios (Moscatel Galego Branco) are the most widely known wines made from this variety, which originates very aromatic and complex nectars.
Grown in: Setúbal Peninsula and Douro
This variety thrives in warm climates and dry soils, where it reaches its full potential. It originates concentrated nectars with intense raspberry and redcurrant
flavours, which age well.
Grown in: Estremadura, Ribatejo, Setúbal Peninsula and Algarve
This is perhaps the noblest red variety in Portugal and its cultivation is expanding rapidly. It originates full-bodied wines of good alcohol content with intense,
highly complex flavours and noble tannins which age very well.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Bairrada, Dão, Beiras, Estremadura, Ribatejo and Alentejo.
One of the main grapes grown in the Douro (over 20% of all plantings), characterized by its powerful bouquet
Wines produced with this variety are rich in colour, have fruity and vegetal aromas, are slightly alcoholic and age well.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Estremadura, Ribatejo, Setúbal Peninsula and Alentejo.
Tinta Roriz, called Tempranillo in Spain, in Portugal is used widely in Port making and also in the production of still reds in the Alentejo where is called " Aragonês".
One of the most well known and most grown varieties in Portugal, due to its adaptability to different soils and climates.
It originates wines which are high in alcohol content, low in acidity and age well.
Grown in: Trás-os-Montes, Douro, Dão, Beiras, Estremadura, Ribatejo and Alentejo
Alicante Bouschet is the ideal teinturier variety. It used to be blended with other less-alcoholic, paler colored, but more aromatic grape varieties cultivated on the plains. Alicante Bouschet wines are very deep-colored with a high alcohol content, but they lack acidity and have little bouquet. It is essentially a blending variety.
The Verdelho variety has been cultivated in Portugal since at least the 1400s. It is one of the grapes long used in the making of Madeira but also in Douro Valley region and Tras-os-Montes region. The grape has been used there to make both dry table wines and sweet, fortified wines.
The table wine produced from Verdelho tend to be tart and lemony, crisp and refreshing, with relatively good body.
The vines are of average vigor and susceptible to gray rot and mites. Its grapes and bunches are small. Syrah produces deep-colored, tannic, full-bodied wines with a complex palette of aromas: flowers (violets), barnyard (leather), spices (liquorices), and fruit (raspberry and blackcurrant). This variety is traditionally blended with other local grape varieties, or makes a single varietal.
Cabernet Sauvignon is vigorous grape variety with late bud break and ripening. Its wines generally have a powerful, tannic structure and deep color. They are suitable for aging in oak barrels and in bottle. With age, they develop complex green pepper, red-berry, vanilla, mocha, and toasty aromas. They may, however, be quite astringent for the first few years. In Portugal, Cabernet Sauvignon is very often blended with other grape varieties or for single varietal.
Red Pinot-Noir grape variety is outstanding in quality.
Often light in color, and taking on onion-skin tones with age. They have all the qualities of great wines: structure, length, finesse, and complex aromas (red-berry fruit and roasting coffee). They are aged in oak barrels and may be enjoyed young or aged in bottle. In Portugal, Pinot-Noir is very often blended with other grape varieties or for single varietal.